Category:Historical Documents Working Group

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Overview

In the Linked Earth context, a working group (WG) is a self-organized coalition of knowledgeable experts, whose activities are governed herewith. This page is dedicated to the discussion of data and metadata standards for historical documents, and aims to formulate a set of recommendations for such a standard. This working group is an initiative of the Pages Floods Working Group but also related to the Pages CRIAS Working Group.

Members of 'Historical Documents Working Group'

    This working group contains only the following member.

Sources

Historical Documents
Sources / Historical Documents

Data is usually compiled from different historical sources. The LiPD data structure supports several Publication, that is normally used for referring to the publication describing the data. So this data cluster can be used for historical sources as well, in addition to the current publication describing the data. It is related to known standards as Dublin Core or BibTEX

  • Source-ID for later reference
  • Source Type (string), i.e. newspaper, book, ...
  • Source Author
  • Source Title
  • Publication Year
  • Publication Date
  • Journal Title
  • Publisher
  • Url to Source (i.e. to PDF)
  • DOI of Source (almost never exist for historical documents if not published as data compilation)


  • Source
Should the 'Source ID' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id B79ACAACB8CF7E76F57C95CD94752C33

The source type is a string i.e. book, newspaper, diary, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'Source Type' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 4B9828E446262CD2D25ECC5954AFC6B7

Should the 'Author of Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 1B1140A471D5BB004C42E2EAFF87FF82

Should the 'Title of Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 6DA9EFA61E43E3E9AC0548BFCEBE06B8

Should the 'Publication Year' of the (original-) source be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 0AE3099A39B686B6E2FA714D32A1A349

Should the 'Publication Date' of the (original-) source be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 00CFBB515E6BDF4EE42BF9828B76D2A9

Should the 'Journal' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 167D16FB083F91F3C90B643123FE4165

Should the 'Publisher' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 263B14776BDC462C240EB6B9903B72E5

Should the 'URL to Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 39F0D42A6060034B89801A81175A88E0

Should the 'DOI of Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 07434CE6F44FD5F86CEC1CFF21C6A4E1

Scans, Pages

Each source can optionally have a bunch of images, that are the scans of the pages inside the source. Maybe this can be dropped for the LiPD format and only references to external images should be added to the quotes.

Quotes

Translated Quote
Original and translated quote from historical source

Out of each sources, several quotes could be extracted by transcribing them. Related data would most probably go into "measurementTables".

  • Quote-ID: For later reference
  • Reference to source: maybe short form like "Author()Year" is adequate
  • Page: String of the page(s) number where the quote is extracted from
  • Scan: Optional link(s) to externally stored image of this page(s)
  • Language: The language of the quote (or it's translation)
  • Protolanguage: The language the quote was written originally
  • Quote: The quote itself (UTF8)
  • License: License of the quote (cc)
  • DOI: DOI, the quote is published


  • Quote
Should the 'Quote-ID' (unique for dataset) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 6033CCA9D66D35A5EEFF9872F3A41308

Should the 'Reference to Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id E06E94AB6F2809E712DA4FBE6E27F803

Should the Format of 'Reference to Source' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:23, 25 April 2019.
poll-id F1C4F26B5E53984D6C0994021A388A8B

Should the 'Page of Quote' inside Source be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:57, 25 April 2019.
poll-id D0013665A75E30D59E9E26E05AA1E345

Should the 'URL to Scan' of Page containing the Quote be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 9DBAD650333F97D3E145E7428F93D25A

The language (and protolanguage) is a string i.e. de, ar, fr, en,...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'Language' of Quote or its Translation be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id A1511268F490E690633AB5BCDF160B56

Should the 'Protolanguage' of Quote be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 747E4333DE595E07A8E2B050CC4136B3

See i.e. Wikipedia Language Code

Should the 'Language Format' of Quote be in:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:39, 2 May 2019.
poll-id 7719DDEE34608E157A81F436AB6BED82

Should the 'Quote itself' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 6C19394215C985AADC2879E46A03713C

The license type is a string i.e. cc-by, cc-by-nc, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'License' of published Quote be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 2090D59A1031DE61B003019E590667EB

Should the 'DOI' of published Quote be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:58, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 1EA2DE3BF1F3CE01B45E55CF0BFACFE8

Events

Events, that are more like interpretations of the quote would go into "model part". Each events refers to

  • a quote
  • a position
  • a time

and contains a climate related data. (to be defined)

Position

Position used for Historical Documents
Position used for Historical Documents

The position different than for the other archive types is not fixed. Usually a compilation of several sources refer to different scattered locations. The location usually can be named but might covers different scales (continent, country, area, city, street,...) and terrain types (city, river, sea, ...). It best corresponds to the Geospatial metadata of LiPD; see also http://schema.org/Place .


  • Position
Should the 'Identifier of Location' (unique for dataset) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 11002E6509CF5415CC40F739878EEE66

Should the 'Name of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 8800AF586B10F0B9D40F2238D39C4A8B

The location type is a string i.e. country, city, river, mountain, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'Type of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 86BF2A1725BB8AAACDCAFC164A71E8B7

Should the 'Latitude of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id C0F983783CA34024B49FE6DDE1C8EC6A

Should the 'Longitude of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 45F59BF6EB37C3E76C639AEAD8365C83

Should the 'Altitude/Elevation of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 5767C9A8EFD597296845A436C4225EFE

Should the '(JSON)-Geometry of Location' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 6C47D798ABA029EF52C68A69D4A5EF45

Should the 'Reference to Geonames' by ID be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id B6D7616215DA302C678140D96A837647

Should the extracted corresponding quote piece = 'Phrase' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id A77FD3F023BA869C63F1178079DD95BF

Time

The time derived for an event from historical documents is usually more precise than for other archive types. Often the uncertainty is just days or even hours. So it would be best to code the absolute date by gregorian calendar and a string of type ISO 8601. Optionally an absolute gregorian year (may be with floating point fraction instead of integer) can be calculated as well.

  • Time
How should the event time primarily be defined:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:48, 24 April 2019.
poll-id F5072947F0CB8D3862347216F0EFEB01

The original sources often contain the information in calendar notation different than gregorian. Julian calendar was used in Europe in historical time, but outside Europe other calendars existed or still exist, likeweise in chinese or arabic documents.

The calendar type is a string i.e. country, city, river, mountain, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the time optionally be coded in 'Other Calendar Systems':
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:37, 25 April 2019.
poll-id A808B3FBF7319B5B317A05F072FD6DA9

If so, which parameters for start and end should be considered?

Cycle:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id B869D0C865F52CEBEF107E2AED019D81

Year:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 3E1F87E9F3494940E97D8B1294BEF4E8

Season / Solar Term:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 47E0991A90408874086B60ED5FAF7FA9

Month:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 94F834249B96DD6DA43CDE4F865D341A

Day:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 0F0DE3F95B946E93863929FC85342699

Hour:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 6692B2DB39CD221EC982E21A77E1F39F

It is also possible to extract the time related text from the quote and add it to a field 'phrase':

Phrase:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 8EF417EF10EC62EB4F94AAB37B9E995B


Event itself

The event refers to the quote, maybe directly to the source, to the chronology/timing and the position/location. It also holds the coding of the phenomena, here it gets complicated - see next section.

Should the Event refer to 'Location' of described Phenomena:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id DC4AB195ED861533D664B11912F2723A

Should the Event refer to 'Timing' of described Phenomena:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 80D6C25C264FA5D9E16D98BF849034CB

Should the Event refer to 'Quote' (by ID) where Phenomena is described:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 21033A0DE082A0DDF73BB899F2C3ED53

Should the Event refer directly to the 'Source' where Quote describing Phenomena can be found:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 97326EFD19D249BD9F2E41C6418FEEBA

Should the Event contain a 'DOI' when data-set is published somewhere:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id 8D2AB12902A72243C71A5013CF6DE4AB

The license type is a string i.e. cc-by, cc-by-nc, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options


Should the Event contain a 'License' when data-set is published somewhere:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:59, 25 April 2019.
poll-id BC42777F135E4EBF78619BAED4CAE82A

Phenomena/Coding

Indices Historical Climatology
Indices used to code Phenomena in Historical Climatology / Documents

A lot of information can be found inside historical documents. Thereby the coding schema is complex. A lot of coding is done by using indices. Some examples and their coding to illustrate this:

  • The weather was extremely warm -> temperature index + very hot (+3)
  • A lot of rain fell in December -> precipitation type + rain & precipitation amount + more than usual (+1)
  • The water level was 13 feet -> water level + value:13.0 + tolerance:1.0 + unit:feet
  • The drought lead to bad harvest of potatoes -> harvest + harvest amount: less than usual (-1) & potatoes / precipitation amount: less than usual (-1)
  • The wheat harvest was little but the wine quality was good -> harvest + harvest amount: less than usual (-1) & wheat / harvest + harvest quality: better than usual (+1) & wine

+: one dimensional combination

&: two (or more) dimensional combinations

/: two different events (i.e. cause vs effect)

(Coding tree as used in tambora.org can be found here.)

To handle the innumerable amount of different parameters, it makes sense to group them into thematic clusters.

Cluster: Temperature

Inside this cluster are all temperature related parameters: Temperature measurements, descriptive temperature levels, freezing events, ...


  • temperature-cluster

Levels i.e. can be

-3: very cold
-2: cold
-1: cool
 0: normal temperature
+1: warm
+2: hot
+3: very hot
Should the 'temperature level' (indices) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:44, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 65502D023277498206B57688BD530F7D

How many levels should the temperature have:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:45, 26 April 2019.
poll-id ADAB7A463A205E946F91EB439D72F97E

Trend i.e. can be

-1: decreasing
 0: constant
+1: increasing
Should the 'temperature trend' (indices) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:47, 26 April 2019.
poll-id CA75A295662E1925453DBBDAAC9EDC84

Temperature value is a measured, numerical value with units Standards of other archive types can be used here

Should the 'temperature value' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:54, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 31651817B8C96932105AE8C5BE0618DF

Should the 'temperature unit' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:54, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 786A8617A75B1B702F30D4A255C9FDA5

Should the 'tolerance of the temperature' measurement be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:54, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 65E1F0E78137CF657366EBABACF025A9

The temperaure type is a string i.e. air, water, wind, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'temperature type' (string, options, choice) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:06, 2 May 2019.
poll-id 5CC715E9BDE5AF6692FFE90DECEF0A66


The following two parameters are of type boolean - they happen or not.

Should the occurrence of 'freezing/frost/ice' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:57, 26 April 2019.
poll-id B017D65C03AF92FC0C8108DA1CC16D83

Should the occurrence of 'thawing/melting' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 00:57, 26 April 2019.
poll-id EB4460E86661E290B32F5369328BBA3A

Cluster: Precipitation

Inside this cluster are all precipitation related parameters: long- and short-term amounts, intensities, measurements, type of precipitation, ...


  • precipitation-cluster

Levels of long-term precipitation (weeks... month) i.e. can be

-3: extremely dry
-2: very dry
-1: dry
 0: normal precipitation
+1: wet
+2: very wet
+3: extremely wet
Should the 'long-term precipitation level' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:12, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 0BC408B57C7E07876CC237732A6A4EBC

How many levels should the long-term precipitation level have:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:12, 26 April 2019.
poll-id F2B63053433745D49C1D193FD0173316

Levels of short-term precipitation (hours ... days) i.e. can be

 0: no precipitation
+1: some precipitation
+2: much precipitation
+3: very much precipitation
+4: extremely much precipitation
Should the 'short-term precipitation level' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:14, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 99E585C12A0AB90AA32F79D55534CE91

How many levels should the short-term precipitation level have:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:14, 26 April 2019.
poll-id FF918795D7594433F780F6B9AA3A8C4B

The amount of precipitation is a measured value for a given time frame (see timing)

Should the 'precipitation amount' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:19, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 394BF42D1C446F0CE5AE17E9DA822BE4

Should the 'precipitation amount unit' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:23, 26 April 2019.
poll-id D399079FDB133154DE16FE3268B9173D

The intensity of precipitation is a measured value, often a peal value

Should the 'precipitation intensity' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:21, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 1A4E114D41069E1DB5B6B24E6C373F4F

Should the 'precipitation intensity unit' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:25, 26 April 2019.
poll-id CC7687F582CE969364E219E8F639BEC2

The precipitation type is a string i.e. rain, snow, hail, dew, sleet, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters, but can also stand alone

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'precipitation type' (string, options, choice) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:28, 26 April 2019.
poll-id BCDD1F5E126CEB741BDAEA9139F1E21B


Levels of snow cover i.e. can be

 0: no snow cover
+1: thin snow cover
+2: deep snow cover
Should the 'snow cover level' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:30, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 5FCBFA186D3FD3C8C5BA3B9088B89FBA

How many levels should the snow cover level have:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:31, 26 April 2019.
poll-id FF8C631F280539F7FA1F0E37C08A7118

The snow depth is static (accumulated), whereas the snow fall is per time-frame

Should the 'snow depth' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:31, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 145B73189382B854B476613A0287E1B4

Should the 'snow depth unit' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:32, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 41D0FD6993509D37D94932555ABD915D

Should the 'snow fall' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:33, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 89B0630F23AD5BD990C2E1EAF2683FCC

Should the 'snow fall unit' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:33, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 76DA2D73AF7B190F5534925EFD93938C

Cluster: Hydrology

see also Floods Working Group

Inside this cluster are all hydrology related parameters: water levels, flood magnitudes, ...

  • hydrology-cluster

Flood levels (magnitude) i.e. can be

 0: no flood
+1: small flood
+2: flood above average
+3: flood of the century
Should the 'flood level' (indices) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id D917816FE93EEF62F2706A6A3F7ACB45

Flood extend i.e. can be

+1: regional
+2: supra-regional
Should the 'flood extend' (indices) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:05, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 154A712D8317BC95D7635D2D5FE6A32C

Should the 'water level value' (measurement) be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:13, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 84F8820DD6805A0F406F920F919BEB30

Should the 'water level unit' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:13, 26 April 2019.
poll-id DEBC2D0B2568E1AD99FC541FAE2625B1

Should the 'tolerance of the water level' measurement be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:14, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 8E503A573E69D8FFE79022A31F363856


Should the 'flood recurrence time' be:
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There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:15, 26 April 2019.
poll-id BB393AEC7778E1AF64639E2CFF258A70

Should the 'flood recurrence unit' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:15, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 2768E72D1343E45930850B97DACF72FF

Should the 'tolerance of flood recurrence' measurement be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:17, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 0A9D750A3B35C09A231DC4B868306A16

Should the 'discharge value' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:17, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 944377AE31586516BA6F832B7FFF4D45

Should the 'discharge unit' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:18, 26 April 2019.
poll-id C3A57857629F79CC6410C9E5AB7CF854

Should the 'tolerance of discharge' measurement be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:18, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 71917093408BC4062038E3FC164B8563


Should the 'flow velocity' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:19, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 0D9C3628CAEF7F9911BD2933258B8C70

Should the 'flow velocity unit' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:19, 26 April 2019.
poll-id F460360D8604DFBC25634E3CC461507A

Should the 'tolerance of flow velocity' measurement be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:19, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 91580BA54F5D113CA33540F478FE03EC


low water levels i.e. can be

 0: normal level
-1: low water level (limited use)
-2: very low water level (severely limited use)
-3: extremely low water level (no water)
Should the 'low water level' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:08, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 0DED93DA4042E968F4B5F8026A3E3761

Trend i.e. can be

-1: decreasing
 0: constant
+1: increasing
Should the 'water level trend' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:08, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 22383E39B58A585DF51DDF9E5418499C

Storm surge levels i.e. can be

 0: no storm surge
+1: average storm surge
+2: strong storm surge
+3: extreme storm surge
Should the 'storm surge level' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:11, 26 April 2019.
poll-id FA5CAC5F71DA7EC217FB13E585C886E2

Following parameters are of type boolean

Should the 'occurrence of erosion' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id D93CF5E6ABFDFB682507054CB79F595F

Should the 'occurrence of flash flood' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 9C32719802310CEB864959ABB330D831

Should the 'occurrence of sediment deposition' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 492532EED77DAC0398AD7A72A228C737

Should the 'occurrence of large plains flooded' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 35EF7C83700931E8EC1E7F5F84ED6D5C

Should the 'occurrence of long standing water' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:03, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 40B108D1A5AAFDFC5F1D29591C2522E7

Cluster: Clouds, Visibility

Inside this cluster are all cloud and visibility related parameters: cloud types, cloud cover, humidity, fog, ...


  • cloud-visibility-cluster

Levels i.e. can be

 0:   0% sunny clear
+1:  25% mostly sunny
+2:  50% partly cloudy
+3:  75% very cloudy
+4: 100% fully cloudy
Should the 'cloud cover' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:39, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 3A806F3F31EDCA58FDFCA588B83085CD

How many levels should the cloud cover have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:40, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 2C67EA520BDADB24F9F99FAF9375574B

The cloud type is a string i.e. cumulus, nimbostratus, cirrus, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'cloud type' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:42, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E60F95F6FB4D99952AC4BD4536EF2A4B


Levels of humidity level i.e. can be

-1: dry air
 0: moderate humid air
+1: humid air


Should the 'humidity level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:55, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 63F04A4E15D23421DEE366E2864B2FFB

How many levels should the humidity have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:56, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 3050247892AD943372E976CA1B13B239

Should the 'relative humidity' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:57, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 16FCBB426D4C9D57E223746780A67F82

Should the 'relative humidity' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:57, 26 April 2019.
poll-id BCA0857BC409C43815605948735F564F

Should the 'tolerance of relative humidity' measurement be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:58, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 68723901C60567DD21046422F13D8B0A

Levels of visibility i.e. can be

-2: very poor visibility
-1: poor visibility
 0: average visibility
+1: good visibility
+2: very good visibility
Should the 'visibility level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:02, 26 April 2019.
poll-id D4318F65856A95A4593F3D5B0DCBEFC9

How many levels should the visibility have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:02, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 345336607621104349E2A2C537F6B6A2

Following parameters are of type boolean

Should the 'occurrence of fog' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 04:59, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 12031E20ADC706B42D99516FCDB2AA1B

Should the 'occurrence of dust' (boolean) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:00, 26 April 2019.
poll-id D2AC0CB7688436AC51D98288BCF3BA57

Cluster: Wind, Air Pressure

  • wind-pressure-cluster

wind force levels (Beaufort) i.e. can be

  0: calm
 +1: light air
 +2: light breeze
 +3: gentle breeze
 +4: moderate breeze
 +5: fresh breeze
 +6: strong wind
 +7: high wind
 +8: fresh gale
 +9: strong gale
+10: storm
+11: violent storm
+12: hurricane
Should the 'wind force level' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:29, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E302EEAA443B75C9B11A0ABC42D2ED87

wind directions i.e. can be

  0: north
 +1: north-east
 +2: east
 +3: south-east
 +4: south
 +5: south-west
 +6: west
 +7: north-west
 +8: change of direction
 +9: any direction
Should the 'wind direction' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:31, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 4B5DB3D922BF0F86EDFDBB0C58606F78

Should the 'wind speed' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:31, 26 April 2019.
poll-id A3A7D51232C1720A20486EBAA1EB1590

Should the 'wind speed unit' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:32, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 4C79C72884571D5EEF32F0283B50A1B7

Should the 'tolerance of wind speed' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:32, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 567EE6E9362E912611BCBCDAA701262F

The type of wind is a string i.e. foehn, gust, khamsin, sandstorm, sirocco, snowstorm, tornado, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters, but can also stand alone

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'type of wind' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:34, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 92BFD051758677BC596615E84F1D1F19

air pressure levels i.e. can be

-1: low pressure
 0: normal pressure
+1: high pressure
Should the 'air pressure level' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:37, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 68ED177D39B5FC8C159470406AFB9BB4

air pressure trend i.e. can be

-1: falling pressure
 0: steady pressure
+1: raising pressure
Should the 'air pressure trend' (indices) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:37, 26 April 2019.
poll-id CCF27383F58F7F91ECF00F11328E5A2A

Should the 'air pressure value' (measurement) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:38, 26 April 2019.
poll-id AF786B293F72630CAE69DAF33B2E37FB

Should the 'air pressure value' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:39, 26 April 2019.
poll-id A58D8FCDC9223A219363FDA672BCA235

Should the 'tolerance of air pressure' measurement be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:39, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 49CF452CB706160B3DC68EA705EBB988


Cluster: Phenomena, Natural Hazards

Inside this cluster are all parameters related to natural phenomena or hazards: earthquake, tsunami, aurora borealis, meteoroid, comet, solar eclipse, moon eclipse, halo, avalanche, rainbow, landslide, wildfire, ...

  • phenomena-hazard-cluster

The phenomena type is a string i.e. earthquake, tsunami, aurora borealis, meteoroid, comet, solar eclipse, moon eclipse, halo, avalanche, rainbow, landslide, wildfire, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'phenomena type' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:36, 28 April 2019.
poll-id BA13CDE9AC831FBE8E6E36CFBDAB5D9A

Phenomena Intensity i.e. can be

 0: none 
+1: weak
+2: middle
+3: strong
Should the 'phenomena intensity' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:39, 16 May 2019.
poll-id 41B9237AB65B6BE6C733287658F122FD

How many levels should the phenomena intensity have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:39, 16 May 2019.
poll-id 04911F343681278D5D58E35F6EDF00D2

Cluster: Society

Inside this cluster are all parameters related to society affections: damage, death, illness, social problems


  • society-cluster

The type of damage is a string i.e. animals, buildings, bridges, houses, dams, plants, forest, traffic routes, ships, harvest, hunger, thirst, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'type of damage' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:47, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 1C64923CC7224D291E0D133C19A2B9F1

Should the occurrence of 'mitigation' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:53, 26 April 2019.
poll-id A8961AAA2C12366DB6CE500557409ED8

Type of mitigation is a string i.e. charity, exemptions, indemnity, subsidies ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'type of mitigation' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:56, 7 May 2019.
poll-id 8893F25C9ECD8DD0128AE5DA2A9337C1

Should the 'number of injuries' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:55, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E7549C0AFF923350D685BE1F0B7E8507

Should the 'number of deaths' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:54, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 52B2B50E2037BB96CD080E7B94DE77F0

Illness is a string i.e. bubonic plague, fever, measles, cholera, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'illness' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 05:59, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 4A2026D5F0CAD63CE70EE1D2B34211C0

Social problems is a string i.e. migration, poverty, rioting, theft, unemployment ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'social problem' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:39, 28 April 2019.
poll-id B6E52E338CCAE988407A2BAE4001A4CC

Levels of affected people i.e. can be

 0: none
+1: few
+2: some
+3: many
Should the 'affected people level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:40, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 3D5A34DAC9DF3CC76A9F32401D28ADDD

How many levels should the affected people level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 23:40, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 91D6B91B52B58DE9784CCF08126E698D

Cluster: Plant Phenology


Inside this cluster are all parameters related to plants: blossom, leave fall, harvest, ...


  • plant-phenology-cluster

Levels of harvest quantity i.e. can be

-2: very low harvest volume
-1: low harvest volume
 0: average harvest volume
+1: high harvest volume
+2: very high harvest volume


Should the 'harvest quantity level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:04, 26 April 2019.
poll-id BD988F82686E3ED3269F4F80A1C3815B

How many levels should the harvest quantity level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:04, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 48CC1E0B08ACAB16754C7DA9ACF68CC4

Levels of harvest quality i.e. can be

-2: very poor crop quality
-1: poor crop quality
 0: average crop quality
+1: good crop quality
+2: very good crop quality


Should the 'harvest quality level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:06, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E8D16FD2DC8716599AEE66C1472321B7

How many levels should the harvest quality level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:06, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 5F36BD93F17530A8BEE98146E657F175

The plant type is a string i.e. apples, wheat, hay, wine, potato, cherries, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters or the below observations, but can also stand alone

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'plant type' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:09, 26 April 2019.
poll-id DD430834105688293981E7D8569646F5

The type of observation is a string i.e. blossom, harvest, leave emergence, leave fall, planting, sowing, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'type of plant observation' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:06, 8 May 2019.
poll-id CF471D7521819D6FF3E02A56EBEB11D1

Levels timing i.e. can be

-1: earlier than usual
 0: usual timing
+1: later than usual
Should the 'timing level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:11, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E875FC470EC1CDE90A1E49A701EDD9EE

Cluster: Animal Phenology

Inside this cluster are all parameters related to animals: health, arrival, departure, breeding, ...


  • animal-phenology-cluster

Levels of absolute quantity i.e. can be

 0: none
+1: few
+2: some
+3: many


Should the 'absolute quantity level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:20, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 948D4FAA7825CDDC567230B63EF2907B

Levels of relative quantity i.e. can be

-1: less than usual
 0: average number
+1: more than usual
Should the 'relative quantity level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:22, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 45E16027D30548A09F0D7B5BE1925845

The animal type is a string i.e. birds, stork, sheep, swine, snail, locusts, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters or the below observations, but can also stand alone

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'animal type' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:18, 26 April 2019.
poll-id 0FABB60D7250CD792EB05E9E64F1F4AF

The type of observation is a string i.e. arrival, departure, breeding, shearing, slaughtering, death, injuries, ...

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'type of animal observation' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 01:16, 16 May 2019.
poll-id 2FF5D1744AF7C8815016299F772C52CD

Levels timing i.e. can be

-1: earlier than usual
 0: usual timing
+1: later than usual
Should the 'timing level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 06:11, 26 April 2019.
poll-id E875FC470EC1CDE90A1E49A701EDD9EE

Cluster: Economy


Inside this cluster are all parameters related to economy: price-, supply-, demand- / -level, -trend, goods

  • economy-cluster

Price level i.e. can be

-1: low price
 0: normal price
+1: high price
Should the 'price level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:23, 28 April 2019.
poll-id C0419937178055EEA5765BED2D8D64E9

How many levels should the price level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:23, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 742D21DF8AE1F98F67B6F204C1473BF5

Price trend i.e. can be

-1: decreasing price
 0: constant price
+1: increasing price
Should the 'price trend' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:24, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 072461E342CB51D2DCBAEF86BB167F71

How many levels should the price trend have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:24, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 49185C8C68F71F4855E0D109E7DF4A68

Supply level i.e. can be

-1: low supply
 0: normal supply
+1: high supply
Should the 'supply level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:25, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 7465D9D42A5754517A31A75EC0EF9480

How many levels should the supply level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:25, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 8417DEB2862980A22D6D376FC69650AD

Supply trend i.e. can be

-1: decreasing supply
 0: constant supply
+1: increasing supply
Should the 'supply trend' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:26, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 70E7134A4067F1ACA565810629DAD95F

How many levels should the supply trend have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:26, 28 April 2019.
poll-id BD118E3F2561530809E164C9834BD163

Demand level i.e. can be

-1: low demand
 0: normal demand
+1: high demand
Should the 'demand level' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:26, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 830873BA275F3345551DAA2CCF673161

How many levels should the demand level have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:26, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 2CA48A9DE9DD93969BF109389DF181C3

Demand trend i.e. can be

-1: decreasing demand
 0: constant demand
+1: increasing demand
Should the 'demand trend' be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:27, 28 April 2019.
poll-id C0BAE8DB76D9A9AE06C47AFE1C31FD23

How many levels should the demand trend have:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:27, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 1CE1B3A3B32BFC811EF815DAE6B86694

The market good is a string i.e. apples, wheat, meat, food, energy, fodder, hay, wood, ... It can be combined with the above quantitative parameters

For details on possible options see Enumerator Options

Should the 'market good' (string, options, choice) be:
You are not entitled to vote.
You are not entitled to view results of this poll.
There was one vote since the poll was created on 22:29, 28 April 2019.
poll-id 70978262347F8BAF0D90AEECA27B4173


Example

Rename LiPD file extension from zip to lpd

Description Tambora-Files LiPD-Files Remarks
Flood Example Media:flood_tambora_csv.zip Media:Exp0000.tambora.2017.zip
To-Do To-Do To-Do
To-Do To-Do To-Do

Media in category "Historical Documents Working Group"

The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total.